Claiborne, who is from Port Allen, La., was charged with possession of a dangerous drug and possession of marijuana, according to the Associated Press. He was released after posting bond and was suspended for the bowl game.
Claiborne led the Aggies with 89 tackles this season, including a team-high seven for a loss, and was selected for the SEC all-freshman team.
Duke will also be missing a key player with leading rusher Jela Duncan suspended for academic reasons.
The bowl game is is scheduled for Dec. 31 in Atlanta.