The Indians did not release details on Marte's condition. He was hitting .208 with a home run and seven RBI this season.
"It's not a long-term thing," Cleveland manager Manny Acta said before Saturday night's game in Baltimore. Acta said he expected Marte would be ready to play when he's eligible to be reactivated.
Outfielder Trevor Crowe was recalled from Triple-A Columbus and was set to play center field on Saturday. He was the Indians' first-round pick in the 2005 draft and played 68 games with Cleveland last year.
Crowe was batting .244 with one home run and 13 RBI with Columbus.