His right calf healed, Rollins was set to bat leadoff against Cleveland.
Rollins has twice been on the 15-day DL this season because of a calf problem. He got hurt warming up prior to the Phillies' home opener and missed 31 games, then re-injured himself less than a week later on May 21.
Rollins is hitting .341 in 41 at-bats for the Phillies this season.
The Phillies plan to be extra careful with Rollins' second return.
"We do have to be cautious with him because he's had setbacks," Phillies general manager Ruben Amaro said. "We'll go day-by-day and go by how he feels."
Rollins "says he feels better than before," Philadelphia manager Charlie Manuel said.
The Phillies made a series of moves. They put catcher Carlos Ruiz on the disabled list with a concussion, promoted lefty reliever Mike Zagurski from Triple-A Lehigh Valley and cut reserve infielder-outfielder Greg Dobbs.
Dobbs, used mostly as a pinch-hitter, was designated for assignment, giving the Phillies 10 days to make a move with him. He struggled at the plate this year, hitting .152 in 66 at-bats.
It was a mildly surprising move considering Dobbs had excelled in his role off the bench during his four-year career in Philadelphia. Instead, the Phillies chose to keep reserve infielders Wilson Valdez and Juan Castro. Amaro said their ability to play shortstop and provide insurance in case Rollins gets hurt again factored into the move.
"It was a very difficult decision," Amaro said. "Dobbs has been a very, very productive player for us and helped us win a World Series and get back to another World Series."
The move with Ruiz was retroactive to June 19, after he was hit in the head by Jason Kubel's broken bat in a game against Minnesota. Ruiz is batting .275 in 51 games.
Philadelphia filled Ruiz's spot by promoting left-handed reliever Mike Zagurski from Triple-A Lehigh Valley. Zagurski appeared in 25 games out of the bullpen with the Phillies in 2007, going 1-0 with a 5.91 ERA.
Zagurski, slowed by injuries to his hamstring and pitching arm, threw in 29 games for Lehigh Valley this season, going 0-2 with a 2.35 ERA.
The Phillies also optioned right-hander Scott Mathieson to Lehigh Valley. After pitching in nine games in 2006 for the Phillies, Mathieson made his return to the major leagues following two arm surgeries on Friday, getting two outs in the Phillies' 9-5 win over Minnesota.