On Monday, commissioner Rob Manfred announced he has rejected Pete Rose's latest application for reinstatement. Rose, as you know, was banned from baseball in 1989 after allegations regarding gambling on baseball surfaced.
This was not Rose's first bid for reinstatement. He made his first attempt back in 1992, when Fay Vincent was still commissioner. Earlier this year an ESPN report produced evidence indicating Rose may have bet on games as a player, not only as a manager.
Manfred's announcement came complete with a three-page legal document explaining his decision. Here's a breakdown of the important points.
• Rose's attorneys officially filed for reinstatement on February 26, 2015. "Mr. Rose's attorneys stated that Mr. Rose had accepted responsibility for his mistakes and their consequences, and that Mr. Rose was sorry for betting on the game of Baseball," said Manfred's decision. Rose's attorney asserted Rose had "reconfigured his life."
• On April 1, 2015, Rose requested a meeting to show "the extent to which he has met and surpassed Commissioner Giamatti's charge that he configure his life." The late Bart Giamatti was MLB's commissioner when Rose was banned in 1989.
• Manfred requested his staff to conduct a "comprehensive review" of the files of Rose's case kept by MLB, including the Dowd Report, which is the league's original investigation into Rose's gambling activity. The league also considered new evidence, such as the 2015 ESPN report outlining Rose's gambling during the 1986 season, when he was a player-manager with the Reds.
• Manfred and Rose met on September 24, 2015, at the league's New York offices. Rose's attorneys had filed two reports earlier in the year: one from the UCLA Gambling Studies Program, and another with the results of a polygraph (lie detector) test completed August 5, 2015. Manfred said he gave "little weight" to the UCLA report due to inconsistencies. He also said he had "no opinion" of the polygraph test.
• During the meeting, Rose admitted to Manfred he bet on games extensively in 1987, as manager of the Reds. He could not, however, remember facts related to allegations of betting on games as a player in 1985 and 1986. Rose "made assertions concerning his betting habits that were directly contradicted by documentary evidence," meaning the 2015 ESPN report.
• Rose also admitted to Manfred he currently bets "recreationally and legally" on horses and sports, including baseball.
• Manfred states his "only concern has to be the protection of the integrity of play on the field through appropriate enforcement of Major League rules ... Indeed, in considering Mr. Rose's application for reinstatement, I, as Commissioner of Baseball, must determine the risk that Mr. Rose will commit a violation of MLB's rules (most significantly Rule 21) following his reinstatement that will impact the integrity of the game." Rule 21 covers misconduct.
• Manfred says it was not clear to him Rose grasped the scope of his violations. He claimed to not remember significant details and asserted he only bet on baseball in 1987, contrary to evidence. "Mr. Rose's public and private comments, including his initial admission (in his 2004 book), provide me with little confidence that he has a mature understanding of his wrongful conduct, that he has accepted full responsibility for it, or that he understands the damage he has caused," wrote Manfred.
• Manfred says Rose did not seek treatment and he is not "convinced that he has avoided the type of conduct and associations that originally led to his placement on the permanently ineligible list." That Rose admitted he still gambles today shows he has not completely rejected the actions that led to the lifetime ban in the first place.
• "In short, Mr. Rose had not presented credible evidence of a reconfigured life either by an honest acceptance of him of his wrongdoing, so clearly established by the Dowd Report, or by a rigorous, self-aware and sustained program of avoidance by him of all the circumstances that led to his permanent ineligibility in 1989," wrote Manfred, who said Rose's reinstatement would be an "unacceptable risk" to the integrity of the game.
• Rose can continue to participate in ceremonial activities as long as he receives Manfred's approval ahead of time.